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Q:  What is direct substitution?


Substitution is the practice of processing public timber while at the same time exporting unprocessed private timber.


Direct substitution is prohibited. If a company meets the following criteria, they are considered a substitutor and cannot purchase public timber: 

  • The company owns and operates a processing facility.
  • The company exports unprocessed private timber from land in the state of Washington.
  • The company owns or has exclusive rights to harvest timber from such lands for more than seven years.
More information
More information about forest (timber) tax
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What is indirect substitution?
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