The 2017 Legislature passed Engrossed House Bill (EHB) 2242 to meet its obligation to fully fund basic education for public schools. In addition to other education-related requirements, this bill makes changes to:
- Property taxes imposed by the state.
- Certain voter-approved property taxes imposed by school districts.
- State funding for certain school districts.
EHB 2242 temporarily changes the state levy from a budget-based system to a rate-based system. The rate for taxes due in 2018 through 2021 will be fixed at $2.70 per $1,000 of market value. This means the levy will fluctuate with increases and decreases to statewide property values.
The new legislation divides the state levy into two parts. The first part (Part 1) functions much like the current state levy. The rate established for tax year 2018 will be frozen and used for taxes due for the remainder of the rate-based period (2019-2021).
The second part of the state levy (Part 2) is equal to $2.70 minus the rate of Part 1. The rate for state levy Part 2 is also fixed at the 2018 rate for tax years 2019 through 2021.
$2.70 (Fixed levy rate) - $1.85* (Part 1) = $0.85 (Part 2)
Important: This example assumes the assessed value is at 100 percent of true market value. Actual state rates will vary by county.
Changes to local levies do not begin until the tax year 2019. In 2019, maintenance and operations levies proposed by local school districts and approved by voters will be replaced by enrichment levies. Enrichment levies are capped at the lesser of $1.50 per $1,000 of assessed value or $2,500 per full-time equivalent student. Beginning in 2020, the maximum dollar per student portion of this limitation is increased by inflation.
Before a school district can propose a ballot measure for an enrichment levy, it must submit expenditure plans to the Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction and receive approval.
Local Effort Assistance from the state is still available to qualifying districts with enrichment levies. This assistance is in proportion to a school district’s actual enrichment levy compared to its maximum allowable enrichment levy, up to a combined total of $1,500 per student as of the 2019 calendar year. The office of Superintendent of Public Instruction determines eligibility for Local Effort Assistance.
Current exemptions still apply to Part 1 of the state levy and now also apply to Part 2. Farm and agricultural machinery equipment is fully exempt from both Part 1 and Part 2 of the state levy but is still subject to local property taxes.
The full or partial exemption for taxpayers that qualify for the Senior Citizens and Disabled Persons Exemption Program still applies to Part 1 of the state levy. Exemption Program participants that qualify for full or partial exemptions from Part 1 and local levies are fully exempt from Part 2 of the state levy.
After Tax Year 2021
Beginning with taxes due in 2022, the state levy returns to a budget-based system. The state levy will be capped at the lesser of the 1 percent growth factor or inflation, plus additional amounts for new construction and increases in the value of state assessed property.